Galveston Bay has been named an “estuary of national significance” by the United States Congress and a “Great Water” by America’s Great Waters Coalition. It is the largest estuary in Texas and the seventh largest in the U.S.
The well-being of Galveston Bay is critical to the vitality of the Houston-Galveston region. Chances are if you live, work, study, or recreate in or around Houston, you directly depend on Galveston Bay in some way.
The bay historically accounted for 90% of oysters commercially harvested in the state of Texas, but drought, hurricanes, and bacteria impairments have reduced that to about 30%.
In addition, human and animal waste introduces nutrients into the bay that can lead to algal blooms and subsequent fish kills, and localized bacteria hotspots can make conditions temporarily unsafe for swimming. One of the major sources of bacteria and human waste entering the bay is from sewer overflows caused by fat, oil, and grease blockages from our kitchen sinks.
When fats, oils, and grease are poured down the drain, city sewer pipes become clogged. That doesn’t just mean an inconvenient problem for homeowners and city managers, but it also means trouble for Galveston Bay. Clogged pipes prevent waste from traveling to treatment plants. Instead, the untreated waste overflows onto city streets and travels into Galveston Bay via storm drains. This problem becomes especially harmful during heavy rainfall events.
Septic systems and drain fields are affected too. Fats, oils, and grease discharged into septic systems cause malfunctions which lead to costly repairs and more frequent tank pump-outs. Properly disposing of kitchen fats, oils, and grease not only protects your home, but also your community and the health of Galveston Bay.
- Clean up cookware with a paper towel before rinsing to eliminate FOG.
- Prewash dishes and pans with cold water before putting them in the dishwasher.
- Avoid using the garbage disposal by scraping food scraps into trash cans.
- Cover the kitchen sink drain with a catch basket and empty into the garbage as needed.
- Place oil and grease in covered (sealable) collection containers.
- Once collection containers are full, dispose of properly in the trash.
- Recycle used cooking oil at your nearest oil recycling station.
- Pour FOG down the drain, even in small quantities.
- Use hot water to push FOG through plumbing pipes.
- Toss food scraps down the drain.
- Squirt dish soap down the drain with your grease, it won’t help break up a clog.